Small-scale hatcheries

Abalone and multi-species marine fish hatchery

SEAFDEC/AQD opened a backyard-scale, abalone and multi-species marine fish hatchery in July 2009 to demonstrate profitable operations of abalone and marine fish requiring minimal investment.

The area:

•   measures 896 m2, situated beside AQD’s FishWorld museum

•   with gravel bedding and  perimeter fence made of bamboo posts and hogwire

•   each area (marine fish and abalone) has its own independent pre-filtered seawater supply system (with 2 HP centrifugal pumps and 1 HP roots blower for aeration)

•   concrete drain pits and main canal for harvesting and drainage for each hatchery area

•   backyard hatchery has common harvest and work areas, store room, equipment room, and roof structure

Economic indicators

Marine Fish
Investment cost, PhP 500,000 500,000
Projected sales per run of 21–45 days, PhP milkfish – 100,000
seabass – 100,000
grouper – 150,000
pompano – 100,000
snapper – 150,000
rabbitfish  – 60,000

Marine fish hatchery

•    for rearing milkfish and high value fishes such as grouper, seabass, snapper, rabbitfish and pompano

•   10-ton circular larval rearing tanks (LRT) (6 units)

•   10-ton circular natural food culture tanks (NFT) (10 units)

•    2-ton circular nursery tanks (NT) (12 units)

•    LRT, NFT made of rubberized canvas with marine plywood support, NT made of concrete

•    capable of producing 10,000–100,000 fry or fingerlings per run

•    fish are available from the hatchery depending on the breeding season


Fish larvae
0.5 inch
1.0 inch
1.0 inch
1.0 cm
2.0 cm
12–15 days (rotifer-fed)
16–25 days (rotifer-fed)
1.0 cm (Artemia-fed)
1.0 inch
0.5 inch
1.0 inch

Abalone hatchery

•   34-ton reservoir (1 unit)

•   4.2-ton settlement tanks (16 units)

•   4.2-ton secondary nursery tanks (4 units)

•   2.1-ton diatom culture tanks (3 units)

•   tanks made of canvas reinforced with bamboo frames for support

•   reservoir made of marine plywood siding

•   capable of producing 20,000–25,000 abalone juveniles (1.1–1.5 cm) per month


Abalone juveniles
1.1–1.5 cm
1.6–2.0 cm
2.1–2.5 cm
2.6–3.0 cm
3.1–3.5 cm
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